The first manned moon landing on Earth’s Moon was the United States’ Apollo 11 mission, commanded by Neil Armstrong accompanied by Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin. Armstrong landed the lunar module Eagle on the surface of the Moon at 4:17:42 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time, July 20, 1969. They spent a day on the surface of the Moon and then returned to Earth. A total of six such manned moon landings were carried out between 1969 and 1972. The Soviet Union later achieved sample returns via the unmanned moon landings Luna 16, Luna 20 and Luna 24. Since this was during the time of the cold war the contest to be the first on the Moon became known as the space race.
If you weren’t alive then to witness that, you have my pity.
Bonus: The Real Story of Apollo 11 – Stranger than Fiction.avi — a free documentary on Google Video that reveals details that had been kept hidden for years and years.